Testing rate by race and ethnicity
Testing rates enable us to compare how much testing there is among groups of different sizes. Groups with higher rates have had more tests per 1,000 residents. Rates allow us to compare groups of different sizes.
Test positivity rate by race and ethnicity
The test positivity rate is the percentage of tests that are positive for COVID-19. This rate shows how widespread COVID-19 is for a given race or ethnicity group. When there are less than 20 positive tests for a race or ethnicity group, the test positivity rate is less reliable. This is most common in the groups with the smallest resident populations.
COVID-19 harm and structural racism
COVID-19 has harmed communities of color more than other groups.
Structural racism is closely tied to these inequities. For example, consider discriminatory housing policies like redlining and urban renewal; these policies resulted in racial segregation and disparities in both homeownership rates and home values. These policies also caused an unequal distribution of access to healthcare facilities, which impacts access to testing. Other factors linked to structural racism like a lack of employment opportunities also impacts testing access.
Increasing testing in communities most harmed
Communities with high test positivity rates and low testing rates are our top priorities. We are working to increase testing rates in these communities.
We partner with communities to create community testing events. These include alternate test sites and “pop-up” sites.
We also work with community partners to launch culturally responsive outreach and media. See testing resources in English, Spanish, Chinese and Filipino.
We collaborate with private providers. Many tests are collected by private providers (like Kaiser, One Medical, or Sutter). We work with private providers to ensure testing coverage and availability is extended to priority communities.
We continue to use data and community feedback to adapt our strategies.