When to wear a mask
You must still wear a mask in indoor public buildings if you are not fully vaccinated. You are fully vaccinated 2 weeks after your final dose.
Even if you're fully vaccinated, you may still need a face covering to go into a store, business, or event. Some businesses may choose to require all customers and staff wear a mask instead of asking their vaccination status.
Places masks are required for everyone
At some businesses
Face coverings are required when you are:
- Seeking healthcare (including any waiting rooms)
- Inside a K to 12 school, childcare facility, youth sports, or other youth setting
- Inside a San Francisco city government building
- At a business or venue that chooses to require masks for all patrons and staff
Face coverings are still required when you are:
- On public transportation (or waiting for it)
- Driving or riding in a taxi or rideshare vehicle (even by yourself)
If you are unvaccinated, face coverings are still required when you are working indoors at your workplace. Employers have to make N-95 respirators available to unvaccinated staff. Some businesses may choose to require masks for all patrons and staff.
Full details of Cal/OSHA mask requirements were decided on June 17, 2021.
Certain groups are not required to wear a mask
Children under 2 years old must not wear face coverings. They might suffocate.
Unvaccinated children 2 and over must wear face coverings, like adults do at indoor public buildings.
Health and safety reasons
If you have a physical, intellectual, or developmental disability that prevents you from wearing a face covering, you do not have to wear one.
If you are unvaccinated and deaf, and use facial and mouth movements as part of communication, you can remove your mask while communicating.
Anyone who has trouble breathing, or is not able to take off a face covering without help, should not wear one. You do not have to wear a face covering if you have a letter from a medical professional saying you do not need to wear one because of your condition.
If you can’t wear a medical or fabric mask, use other options
You are still required to wear something over your nose and mouth to block droplets, such as a gaiter with 2 layers.
If you will create a safety hazard at work (under established health and safety guidelines) by wearing anything on your face, you do not have to wear one.
If you have signed documentation showing a medical professional has told you not to wear a face covering of any kind, you do not have to wear one. The document does not need to explain your medical condition. The documentation should include the contact and license information of the medical professional.
The best mask for protection is one you wear consistently and correctly
When to double mask
Double masking is not always better than single masking, especially if you have a very high quality, effective single mask or N95 respirator.
Double masking might be more protective than single masking, if:
- The top mask helps the bottom mask fit more tightly on your face
- You use 2 masks made from different materials (one mask may capture particles the other doesn’t)
Read more about how to make your mask fit better.
When to wear an N-95
Properly fitted N95 masks offer additional protection from the COVID-19 virus. It can filter particles better than other masks.
But to keep you from getting COVID-19, the N-95 must fit tightly around your face. It will be harder to breathe in it. It’s also not designed for children.
If you feel worse wearing an N95 mask, do not wear one.
If you are not vaccinated, consider wearing an N-95 when when you are:
- At higher risk of severe illness if you get COVID-19
- Indoors or outdoors close to unmasked people (like dining or personal services)
- Indoors with lots of masked people (like grocery store clerks or bus drivers)
- Going indoors where there are or were unmasked people (like janitors, hotel room service)
What not to use for COVID-19 prevention
A face covering can be made of cloth, fabric, or other breathable material, but it should not have holes.
The following are not helpful for COVID-19 prevention:
- Halloween or plastic masks
- Ski masks with holes for the nose or mouth
- Masks that have a one-way valve designed for easier breathing (often a raised plastic disk about the size of a quarter, on the front or side of the mask)
Holes or one-way valves allow droplets out of the mask, exposing people nearby. If you wear one, you should wear another face covering on top that doesn’t have valves.
Keep it clean
If you’re outside your home and your face covering gets wet, have another face covering ready to replace it.
Face coverings should be washed frequently. Ideally, wash them after each use in the warmest water possible and dry on the highest heat setting and leave in the dryer until completely dry.
Clean your hands before and after touching your face, or face coverings.